There has been a lot of discussion of late about "Dark Matter". However, the Space Vortex Theory (SVT) has a different perspective on dark matter.
The sketch below shows the Earth enclosed within a vacuum vortex. Unlike the ongoing concepts of vacuum to be “empty space”, “nothing-ness” and “Void-ness”, the Space Vortex Theory (SVT) defines the absolute vacuum to be a mass-less, continuous and incompressible fluid.
The velocity fields in the underneath substratum (shown through directional arrows) create invisible forces to rotate the massive Earth around its axis and also carry the Moon in its orbit.
While the Earth is visible, the vacuum vortex substratum is invisible. This invisible substratum of cosmic energy, underneath and around the Earth, is mistakenly called “dark matter”. All planets and stars have similar vacuum vortices that rotate them axially. The vortices enclosing the galaxies impart axial rotation to their cores, as also the stars in them are carried in orbits. [Rene Descartes, the French mathematician and philosopher, predicted an Earth vortex and cosmic vortices of property-less fluid (Ether) in the 17th Century].
Read Tewari's take on Planck's Constant and the Photon.
Here's Space Vortex Theory's take on "Action at a Distance", or the force fields between cosmic bodies:
“Action at a Distance” — Newton's discovery of gravity had a mathematical treatment without a physical explanation and famous scientists realized this fact. Despite Descartes’ bold statement that gravity on earth is caused by the pressure of ether, which as a vortex encloses the earth causing diurnal rotation, even Cartesian scientists, Leibniz and Huygens, waited for a physical explanation. Meanwhile, scientists coined a phase "Action at a Distance" meaning that force between two bodies can be transmitted even when space between them is empty and void, as believed by Newton. Kepler believed that planets moved due to magnetic field from the Sun. Descartes conceived cosmic ether vortex carrying the planets because action at a distance was considered impossible. By deriving gravity fields of planets, sun and galaxy, by the respective space vortices around these cosmic bodies Descartes’ concepts have been fully proven (Space Vortex Theory). Thus, “Action at a Distance” ought to be done away with.
With the discovery of electron as a limiting vortex of space with a central void enclosed within the vortex, existence of quarks in electron structure is ruled out [my Space Vortex Theory (SVT) principles).